Passive Fire Protection
What is Fire Protection?
Fire protection is the study and practice of mitigating the unwanted effects of potentially destructive fires.
The term ‘Fire Protection’ is generally broken down into two classifications; ‘Passive’ and Active’.
Passive Fire Protection is sometimes defined as ‘built in’ fire protection and is a generalisation that covers a wide range of generically different systems, such as:
· Fire Protection to structural components of the building
· Internal Compartmentation and fire resisting construction
- Walls (Partitions) and floors
- Suspended Ceilings
- Fire-resisting Glazing
- Fire doors
- Fire Barriers
- Firefighting shafts and stairwells
· Building Services
- Fire resisting Ductwork, Dampers, Shafts
- Penetration Seals (Pipes, Cables, Conduits etc.)
- Linear Joint Seals
- Cavity Barriers
· Building Envelope
- Fire resisting external walls
- Curtain Walling System
The primary function of passive fire protection is to prevent the passage of fire and smoke within a fire compartment of a building that has been divided up into manageable areas of risk for a defined period of time (Fire Strategy), which typically ranges from 30 minutes up to 4 hours, this to allow for occupants to escape and to provide a safe means of access for fire fighters.
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